Do you actually know how to use the crisper drawer in the refrigerator, or do you find yourself cramming produce in there in a mad dash to unload the groceries? (You’ll need room for the ingredients in our best recipes for seasonal produce.) I’ll be the first one to admit it—I actually used those drawers as beer storage for a long time! Once I graduated from my college living phase, I still haphazardly put fruits in one drawer and vegetables in the other, sliding that humidity control dial directly in the middle just to be safe.
The crisper drawer may have remained a mystery for many years, but now I realize it’s a fruit and vegetable lifesaver. Getting the most out of your refrigerator’s crisper drawer can significantly extend the life of your fruits and vegetables. That not only saves you money on groceries, but it also makes sure that your food tastes super fresh, too! It’s time to stop storing our food wrong and learn the right way to use those crisper drawers.
It’s all about airflow.
The crisper drawer extends the life of your fruits and vegetables by controlling the airflow around them via the vents. Most crisper drawers have adjustable humidity vents, allowing you to close off the airflow (creating more humidity) or open it up (creating a low-humidity environment). If your refrigerator doesn’t have any controls, all of your bins will be high-humidity crispers, but most modern refrigerators let you choose. The best way to manage your crisper environment is by creating one high- and one low-humidity crisper drawer. We’ll take a look at what you’ll want to store where in a moment.
Ethylene gas (and why it matters)
The primary reason your food is going bad? Something called ethylene gas. Certain fruits (like bananas, kiwis, and pears) release a hormone known as ethylene gas as they ripen. This gas is great if you want to quickly ripen an avocado, but it’s not so ideal if you want to keep your lettuces fresh. Luckily, your refrigerator’s crisper drawer can help with that! When you shut down the airflow access and create a low-humidity crisper drawer, you also trap all that ethylene gas inside. That means it can’t escape, so it won’t be able to prematurely soften or discolor your other produce. Pretty cool!
Use the humidity zones wisely
As a general rule of thumb, use the low-humidity setting for anything that rots easily. That means apples, pears, avocados, melons, or stone fruits. The high-humidity drawer is great for anything that wilts – think thin-skinned vegetables like asparagus or leafy vegetables like greens and fresh herbs. The high-humidity drawer is also ideal for ethylene gas sensitive items (like strawberries). Since most of the ethylene producers will be in the other drawer, your items will be super safe here.
Don’t overfill or underfill the drawer.
The crisper drawer is designed to work best when it’s two-thirds full, so don’t be afraid to load it up! Talk about the perfect motivator to stock up on healthy fruits and vegetables. But, everything in moderation of course. Be careful not to pack the drawers in too tightly. Your food won’t be able to breathe if in close quarters, and the weight of heavy items could damage more delicate items, too.
Use that super fresh produce in our favorite recipes from the Farmers Market Recipe Collection.