Avoiding Dry or Tough Meats in the Slow Cooker

Slow Cooker Balsamic Beef

Why does my meat always turn out dry or tough?Β Here is a check list for cooking meats:

  • Did you lift the lid during cooking?
    Lifting the lid can drop the temperature considerably. Avoid the urge!
  • Did you have enough liquid in the pot?
    This seems simple, but it’s as easy mistake. Be sure you have enough liquid for the specified cooking time.
  • Did your recipe contain enough acid (such as, the acid in tomato sauce) to tenderize the meat?
    Acid based foods help to tenderize meats. Without them, meat can get dry or tough.
  • Did you cook the meat too long?
    It’s easy to do in a slow cooker. We expect to be able to walk away for hours, but some dishes do not need to cook for an entire day.
  • Did you cut your meat into pieces that were too small to withstand a long cooking time?
    Meats that are cut into tiny pieces will dry out during cooking much faster than larger pieces.
  • Was your cut of meat too tender?
    Less tender cuts of meat are best for this type of cooking.
  • Does the lid on your slow cooker fit properly?
    If your lid does not fit properly, moisture is escaping. This watery steam is essential for keeping foods moist.
  • Are you using the right size slow cooker?
    Putting small amounts of food in a large slow cooker can dry out the food because it cooks much faster.

Tips for tender meats:

  • Brown your meat.
    Browning helps the meat retain its moisture during cooking in a slow cooker.
  • Leaner cuts of meat will become a bit dryer in a slow cooker than fatty cuts.
    Sometimes, you have to work to find that balance of “not-too-dry” and “still healthy”.
  • Marinate your meat overnight before cooking.
    Choose acidic marinades such as orange juice, lemon juice, vinegar or tomato juice.

31 Comments on "Avoiding Dry or Tough Meats in the Slow Cooker"

  1. NitNat  March 7, 2012

    A very good article!  I shared it with my "SLOW COOKER RECIPES" group on Facebook.  A small typo:  "not-to-dry" should be "not-too-dry"!

    Reply
    • skinnyms  March 7, 2012

      Thank you! Whoops…I'll make the change!

      Reply
      • Shelby  November 10, 2016

        That’s ok; I see a lot of mistakes online. πŸ™‚

        Reply
  2. Carole Hayes  September 30, 2014

    Good tips, except for:

    "Did you cook the meat too long?
    It’s easy to do in a slow cooker. We expect to be able to walk away for hours, but some dishes do not need to cook for an entire day."

    In a slow cooker, meat ends up tough if not cooked long enough. (The longer it cooks, the more tender it gets.)

    Reply
    • Kevin  November 17, 2016

      This is not true. Lean cuts of meat will most certainly become tough in a slow cooker even if left for vary long and slow cook times. If the liquid reaches a simmer the meat will gradually be rendered of its fat – with lean cuts, this will be a much faster process. Leaner cuts will be tough.

      Reply
  3. Sean  February 9, 2015

    I'm really confused now , undercooked or overcooked ?

    New Crock Pot user and yesterday had a Roast Beef joint on for 4hrs high (250ml Stock) , turned out terribly dry and tough .
    Is this because it was under or over cooked ?

    Reply
  4. Heidi M.  February 3, 2016

    My husband HATES when the meat can’t be sliced without shredding. How do you avoid that? It almost ALWAYS happens with anything I cook in my slow cooker.

    Reply
    • Gale Compton  February 4, 2016

      Heidi, I recommend marinating your meat for at least a few hours and/or using cuts of meat with some fat on them.

      Reply
  5. Robyn  February 29, 2016

    followed direction for a boneless pork tenderloin- 2lbs ” cook on Low 4-5 hours”
    meat is too touch to eat. Where have I gone wrong?

    Reply
    • Gale Compton  February 29, 2016

      Robyn, Here’s a possibility: the tenderloin was very lean and didn’t have much fat.
      It’s sort of a Catch-22, the leaner the cut of meat (pork, beef, and chicken) the more tough it is, but the healthier. Meat needs some fat in order to prevent drying out and being overly tough. You can find the fat content on the package, make comparisons, then decide based on your preference. Typically I look for cuts of meat somewhere in the middle, a little fat works pretty good. πŸ™‚

      Reply
  6. Ben  November 9, 2016

    I cook about 2kgs of steak every week and it always turns out dry. I have tried different times, high and low with plenty of stock but always dry πŸ™
    Any hints??

    Thank u

    Reply
    • Kym Votruba  November 10, 2016

      Hi, Ben. You can try searing the outside of your meat in a pan just long enough to seal in the juices before adding to the slow cooker. Let us know if it works for you. πŸ™‚

      Reply
  7. Shelby  November 10, 2016

    I like your site; how do I join, etc?

    Reply
    • Gale Compton  November 11, 2016

      Shelby, There is no need to join. Enjoy! πŸ™‚

      Reply
  8. Kassidy  December 24, 2016

    Thanks for the tips. I’m trying ’em out now.

    BTW, to be helpful and for you to be thorough with correct grammar, regarding this phrase […meat retain it’s moisture…] “it’s” should be “its.” I guess the rule is that an object cannot be in possession of something.

    Reply
    • Gale Compton  December 25, 2016

      Kassidy, Thank you! I made the correction. πŸ™‚

      Reply
  9. Steph C  February 28, 2017

    Does the liquid level relative to the meat make a difference? Should the meat be at least partially covered in liquid? Many recipes call for veggies on the bottom, meat on top. Yesterday I followed the recipe but the liquid level didn’t reach the meat, and it came out dry. Is that why? Should I have added more liquid?

    Reply
    • Gale Compton  February 28, 2017

      Steph, It depends on the recipe. For example, you can make a whole chicken w/o any liquid and it turns out nice and juicy. Also, you could add a little broth if you plan to add veggies on the bottom. πŸ™‚ Again, it depends on the recipe.

      Reply
  10. Danette  April 26, 2017

    How to stop pork chops from drying out. It breaks apart but seems dry

    Reply
    • Emilia Horn  April 27, 2017

      Try a fattier cut of meat–sometimes leaner cuts dry out. You can also try marinating them before putting them in the slow cooker. Good luck!

      Reply
  11. Newt  May 16, 2017

    So I tried an Applewood Bacon Pork Loin from Wal-Mart…you know the one already seasoned real nice in the pack. I didn’t add and water other than rinsing out the package to get all the seasoning out. I cooked it on low for about 7 hrs. It came out a little dry…just wondering what I did wrong.

    Reply
    • Emilia Horn  May 16, 2017

      Newt, try adding liquid–either stock or water. The meat might also have been very lean. Lean cuts can become dry.

      Reply
  12. frey  May 30, 2017

    thanks for your recipes sharing

    Reply
  13. Jennifer  July 4, 2017

    This article totally explains why my dinner, at this very moment, sucks! Tenderized, lean meat….fail. Plus, I didn’t realize that the size of the slow cooker really mattered with a smaller batch of food.

    Reply
  14. Angela  August 20, 2017

    I always slow cook a chicken breast side down and it’s super juicy every time!

    Reply
  15. Charissa  September 17, 2017

    Can you add uncooked bacon to crockpot for extra fat when needed?

    Reply
    • Gale Compton  September 18, 2017

      Charissa, Bacon is not the healthiest alternative, but can be used the same as cooking on the stovetop. πŸ™‚

      Reply
  16. Robert  October 10, 2017

    I am going to make a beef stew which I normally leave on for 6-7 hours but like most people the meat gets tough.
    This time I am not going to add the meat until 2-3 hours before completion.
    I will sear the meat in the normal way.

    Reply
  17. Annette Reich  October 15, 2017

    I try to choose cuts of meat with the least amount of fat but when I made skinnyms balsamic chicken it was dry inside. The chicken tasted good because I put the diced tomatoes and the rest of the liquid on top. What can I do to the boneless, skinless chicken breast to make it less dry?

    Reply
    • Gale Compton  October 16, 2017

      Annette, This recipe has the solution. Before adding your chicken, always rub it with oil and some herbs. πŸ™‚

      Reply

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